Botox is a medical procedure used in treating certain muscular conditions as well as removing wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles. The Botox solution is made from botulinum toxin, a neurotoxin produced by a certain bacterium called clostridium botulinum. The beauty with Botox is that it is non-surgical and effective to treat wrinkles.
The bacterium from which Botox is extracted is found in natural settings such as forests, lakes, and soil. It can also be found in the intestinal tracts of fish and mammals and in the organs and gills of crabs and other types of shellfish. Neurotoxins generally target the nervous system and disrupts the signaling process thereby blocking neurons from communicating effectively.
Botulinum toxin is one of the most valuable and successful therapeutic protein. It is usually injected in small concentrations in the targeted area. The general working of muscles is that nerves release a chemical messenger referred to as acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter to aid in the contraction of muscles. The neurotransmitter is released at the junction where muscle cells and nerve endings meet. Acetylcholine then attaches itself to the muscle cell receptors thus causing them to shorten or contract.
Botox and Its Cosmetic Potent
Despite its many uses, botulinum toxin is predominantly applied as a treatment for facial wrinkles and fine lines. However, cosmetic experts such as Dr Adel LOUAFI will tell you that Botox can also be used to treat a variety of medical conditions including excessive sweating, leaky bladders, migraines, and eye squints.
Research has shown that botulinum toxin is currently used in treating over 20 medical conditions. During the Botox procedure, botulinum toxin is first diluted in saline and then administered by way of injection right into the neuromuscular tissue. For botulinum toxin to take effect, it takes approximately 24 to 72 hours. However, in very rare circumstances, the full effect of the substance may take 5 days to manifest. Cosmetic surgeons advise lactating and pregnant women to desist from undergoing Botox procedures.
The muscles injected with botulinum toxin lose their contracting abilities and this is why wrinkles start to relax and soften. In most cases, Botox procedure is performed on crow’s feet, forehead lines, and frown lines. If the wrinkles you want to remove are caused by gravity and sun damage, they will not respond to the procedure.
During the process, no anesthesia is needed and the discomfort is minor, at the point where Botox is injected.
The Lasting Effects of Botox
In the regular cycle, the effects of Botox should last up to 6 months. Thereafter, the action of muscle will gradually return and this will cause the wrinkles and lines to reappear hence the need for re-treatment. The appearance of the wrinkles will be less severe over time because the muscles are going through a relaxation training process.
In case you are concerned about the side effects of Botox, the good news is that they are fewer and temporal. For instance, you may experience temporal bruising and headaches which stabilize within 48 hours. For patients who develop eyelid drooping, it may take about 3 weeks to go back to normal. The doctors advise is that you shouldn’t rub the area that has been treated at least for 12 hours after the injection.